Think about your favorite knife. Perhaps it’s handy for you in the kitchen when you are cooking something delicious. Or perhaps you are more of a survivalist and your favorite knife is more of a hunting or camping type knife. No matter what type of knife you count as your favorite, there are probably a lot of characteristics it possesses that are important to you. But do you know what it is made of? Well, chances are it is made of steel. However, there are different types of steel used to make different knives. It goes without saying that the strength of a knife is in direct correlation with the strength of the steel used to create it. So what exactly does basic steel entail? Well, steal is an alloy of iron and carbon and it can take shape in a lot of different ways, contrasting with the extra element that is added to the traditional iron and carbon alloy. The deoxidization process also plays a big part in the steel in a knife and adds to the character of the knife as a whole.
However, there are further categorizations to your knife and the steel used to make it. There are three main categories, at least at the most basic of levels: high carbon steel, stainless steel and semi-stainless steel. We will discuss each at length in this informative blog post.
High carbon steel can be defined as that which has .6 to 1.7 percent of carbon by weight. You will find that if you increase the carbon content of a knife the strength of the knife will be increased as well. However, while having a higher carbon content can enhance the strength of a knife, it can have adverse effects on the corrosion resistance and overall durability of the metal (wordstainless.org). Also, several types of high carbon are used to forge knives, including: white, high-carbon steel, blue, high-carbon steel, and super blue, high-carbon steel.
Another types of steel is stainless steel. There is stainless steel that is single edged and stainless steel that is double edged. Stainless steel can be characterized as that which includes over 12 percent of chromium. Chromium helps to protect the surface of the steel and that is why stainless steel is notorious for its brilliant shine. Subsequently, steel that has higher proportions of chromium is more resistant to the wear and tear of corrosion and acidity. This is what make stainless steel knives among people’s favorites. There are several types of stainless steel, including: vg-10 steel, inox steel, daisu powered steel and more.
The last type of steel is semi-stainless. Semi stainless steel can also be found with single edged and double edge capacities. Semi-stainless steel contains a level of chromium between three and twelve percent and includes ginsanko and zdp-189 as the most common types of this steel used to create knives. If you are interested in more knife lore, look no further than Exquisite Knives, the industry standard for beautiful custom knives.